## Key Takeaway:

- Converting times to decimal values: Users can convert time to decimal values by dividing time value by 24 hours or multiplying by 24. This can be useful as many Excel functions only work with decimal values.
- Using the SUM function for time addition: SUM function can be applied to add or subtract time values. Users can format the cell to display desired time format for calculation results.
- Concatenating time values in Excel: Users can combine time values in Excel by concatenating them with other text, symbols or other references using various string functions like TEXT, CONCATENATE or “&”.

Are you looking to master Excel’s time formatting options? Learn how to combine and format times quickly in Excel and make calculations more accurate. You’ll be an Excel pro in no time!

## How to Calculate and Format Times in Excel

Do you ever get confused when adding up hours and minutes in Excel? Calculating time in Excel is quite hard, but we have some tips to help! Here’s how to calculate and format times in Excel. This includes changing times to decimal values, adding decimals to get total time, and converting back to time format. Follow our guide, and you’ll soon be able to easily calculate time in Excel!

*Image credits: pixelatedworks.com by Yuval Washington*

### Converting times to decimal values

Format the cell with the time value as **“General”**. Then, multiply it by **24**. After that, format it again, this time as **“Number”** or **“Decimal”**.

Doing this will help you convert any time value into a decimal format. Plus, when it’s converted, you can use functions like **SUM** and **AVERAGE** to analyze your data more easily.

There are other formatting options that you can use to work with time-related data efficiently. For instance, you can display times using a particular format (like hh:mm:ss) or calculate the difference between two times. Excel has several built-in functions for these purposes, such as **TIME** and **HOUR**.

You can also use keyboard shortcuts like **CTRL + SHIFT + :** (colon) to enter the current time into a cell or **CTRL + ;** (semicolon) to enter today’s date. In addition, try sorting your data by time values to better understand trends and patterns.

Finally, we’ll look at adding decimal values to calculate total time.

### Adding decimal values to calculate total time

To add decimal values to calculate total time, follow these 5 steps:

- Convert the start and end times of each task or activity into a 24-hour format. Use the formula =
**TIME(HOUR, MINUTE, SECOND)**for each cell. - Subtract the start time from the end time to get the duration in hours. Use the formula =
**END_TIME – START_TIME**for each cell. - Multiply the result by 24. Use the formula =
**DURATION * 24**for each cell. - Add all the decimal values using the
**SUM**function. - Format the result using a custom number format such as
**[h]:mm:ss**or**[h]**. This ensures Excel displays the right number of hours even for durations longer than 24 hours.

*Remember, adding decimal values to calculate total time works only if your times are stored as “time” data type in Excel. If they are stored as text or numbers, convert them with TIMEVALUE or DATEVALUE functions.*

Excel treats time as fractions of a day where 1 represents 24 hours, hence converting it into decimals requires multiplying by 24.

Moreover, Excel internally stores date and time values as sequential serial numbers, so January 1st, 1900 has a serial number value of 1, and December 31st, 9999 has a serial number value of about 2958465.

Lastly, you can convert back to time format to display decimal values as time durations again.

### Converting back to time format

- Highlight the cell containing your decimal number result for time.
- Go to the Home tab and select “Number Format.”
- Scroll to the “Time” section and select one of the given formats or click “More Number Formats.”
- In the Format Cells window, choose “Time” from Category and Time format from Type.
- Pick the desired format (e.g. “h:mm AM/PM”) and click OK.
- Excel will automatically convert your decimal into a formatted time.

To format more than one cell/range, use Ctrl + Shift + ~ shortcut or right-click on the selected data and select “Format Cells.” Change the cell formatting from General to Time. Once done, all decimals in the range will be displayed as Time Value.

**Formatting time values makes data look better and easier to understand.** Plus, it’s much simpler for anyone analyzing your document.

**I recall doing a project** where I needed to calculate overtime pay for employees with varying work durations and schedules. After my calculations, I was left with a set of decimals. But I had to convert them into a recognizable weekly pay for my boss. Thankfully, I figured out a formula that doesn’t alter converted timings into decimals again and again. As a result, I was able to convert all my calculated values into presentable times in no time.

**Let’s move on to the next task – Formatting Time in Excel.**

## Formatting Time in Excel

I’m an Excel enthusiast who loves exploiting its superpowers. Formatting time in Excel can be a tough thing. So, here are some ideas and knowledge about customizing time formats to fit your desires. We’ll explore the **TIME** function for time calculations and show you how to arrange cells for displaying time. And I’ve got examples of customizing time formats for both beginners and pros. There’s something for everyone here!

*Image credits: pixelatedworks.com by David Washington*

### The TIME function for time calculations

The **TIME** function is very handy! Follow these **4 easy steps**:

- Select an empty cell to display the result.
- Enter “=TIME(hour, minutes, seconds)”. Replace ‘hour’, ‘minutes’ and ‘seconds’ with the numbers of your chosen time.
- Press enter. The cell should show the desired time.
- Use this cell for other calculations.

It’s useful for large data sets that involve different times. You can **analyse and control data accurately, and fast**.

A great use of this function is to calculate work hours or shift timings. Just type the start and end times of each shift with the TIME formula. Then you can easily work out daily, weekly or monthly totals.

An interesting *fact* about The TIME function is its history in early versions of Excel. It had trouble dealing with dates and times which caused errors in financial models. This caused some companies to lose money.

You can **modify time format** too. This can help you to meet the needs of your project.

### How to customize time format

**Customizing time formats in Excel** can make data easier to read and organize. To do this, follow these steps:

- Select the cells or range of cells containing the times.
- Right-click and select
**Format Cells**from the context menu. - In the dialog box, select
**Time**from the Category list. - Choose a Time format from the Type list or enter a custom one in the Custom field.
- Click
**OK**to apply it to the selected cells.

It’s important to consider readability and ease of use. For example, use a **24-hour clock for international audiences**. Also, include leading zeros for 1-digit hours and minutes to maintain consistency when **sorting or filtering by time**.

Finally, ensure that Excel recognizes values as times and not numbers or text.

### Formatting cells for time display

Column A |
Column B |
Column C |
Column D |
---|---|---|---|

Select cell and format as “Time” |
Select cell and format as “HH:MM” |
Select cell and format as “hh:mm:ss” or “h:mm” |
Select cell and format as “[h]:mm:ss” |

10:00 AM |
10:00 |
02:30:00 or 2:30 |
54:30:00 |

3:45 PM |
15:45 |
00:45:15 or 45:15 |
123:15:00 |

To combine times in Excel, use the “&” operator or concatenation functions.

## Combining Times in Excel

**Excel** can be great for data sets with large amounts of numbers. To analyze this data better, we can combine time values. In this article, we will cover how to use the **SUM function** and **SUMIF** for adding time values. We will also explore how to **concatenate times** in Excel. With these tools, you can **save time** and make **smarter decisions**.

*Image credits: pixelatedworks.com by David Washington*

### Using the SUM function for time addition

To use **SUM** for time addition, follow these **steps**:

- Pick a cell for the total.
- Type “=SUM(” in that cell.
- Choose all the cells with the times you want to add. You can do this by clicking each one or by pressing the Shift key and clicking multiple cells.
- Type “)” after choosing the cells. Then, press Enter to finish the formula.

*Remember that Excel stores time values as fractions of a day. For example, “6:00:00 AM” is stored as 0.25 (since 6 divided by 24 is 0.25). Keep this in mind when using SUM for time addition.*

You can also change the **format** of the resulting total time. To display it as hours and minutes, use a custom time format.

In **conclusion**, **SUM** makes it easy to calculate total times in Excel. Just a few steps and you’ll get **accurate results** in the time format you need. You’ll save time and be an asset at work!

**Next:** **SUMIF** for conditional time addition. This function lets you add certain time values based on criteria. It’s a great tool for organizing and studying data.

### Using SUMIF for conditional time addition

Start by opening your Excel worksheet. Select the cell for the calculation result.

Type the **SUMIF** formula followed by an open parenthesis “(“.

Specify the range that meets your criteria in the parentheses. Add the criterion in quotes and separate with commas.

Enter a comma “,” after the criterion and input the data range.

Press ‘Enter’ or ‘Tab’ to answer.

Repeat steps two to four if there are multiple levels of criteria.

Using **SUMIF** for time add-ons is easy and helps to reduce manual calculations when dealing with bulk data sets over time. You can use it to find total work hours based on various criteria like completion date or start date.

**Pro Tip:** Try using other functions such as **COUNTIFS** or **AVERAGEIFS** along with **SUMIF** formulas to analyze more data points.

Continue to **Concatenating Time Values in Excel** to merge cells with time values into a single cell without losing precision or formatting issues.

### Concatenating time values in Excel

To combine time values in Excel, select an empty cell where you want to display the result. Type **“=TEXT(“** and add the first time value. Add **“&TEXT(“** after it. Repeat this for every time value.

Remember to format them as time values beforehand. Also, use formatting codes to match the desired field format. For example:

- =TEXT(A2,”
**[h] :mm am/pm**“) ==>**6:00 pm** - =TEXT(B2,”
**hh:mm am/pm**“) ==>**06:00 pm**

Concatenating data correctly in Excel will save effort from converting text data later. **Learn how to concatenate times in Excel today!** Then, let’s troubleshoot Excel time formulas.

## Troubleshooting Excel Time Formulas

Get ready to dig deep into Excel time formulas! They can be helpful, but tricky, and a tiny slip-up can ruin your spreadsheet. We’ll look at **troubleshooting time formulas** so that, if something goes wrong, we know what to do. First, we’ll distinguish time from date formats. Then, we’ll double-check formulas for accuracy. Finally, we’ll see how hidden characters can mess up your time entries and how to fix them.

*Image credits: pixelatedworks.com by Yuval Jones*

### Recognizing the difference between time and date formats

**Time format is represented by hours, minutes, and seconds. Date format contains day, month, and year. **

Excel reads times as decimals. For example, 00:15 is 0.01, where 1 corresponds to an hour in a day. Dates are shown numerically using default formatting; January 1st, 2022 appears as “44197”.

Ensure data displayed in the formula bar matches the intended format for correct computation of time values.

The TRIM function removes unnecessary spaces from cell data.

Sometimes it’s useful to change a time value into its decimal equivalent or vice versa. Know how Time Fraction results work.

Calculations with dates need specialized functions. Regular arithmetic operations won’t give accurate results.

It’s essential to be aware of these differences when manipulating data in Excel. Mistakes can cause incorrect computations and a flawed analysis.

**Now, “Double-checking formulas for accuracy” will be focused on mistakes that could go unnoticed if one doesn’t pay close attention.**

### Double-checking formulas for accuracy

**Step 1: Check References**– Look at the cell references used in the formula. Each reference needs to match the correct range of data. It’s important to make sure no data is left out or copied wrong when copying and pasting formulas.**Step 2: Verify Data Types**– Excel uses different data types like*text, date, time, currency, and numbers*. They must be the same throughout the calculation for accurate results. Double-check that every reference in the formula correctly represents its data type.**Step 3: Evaluate Formula Components**– Inspect each component of a formula one-by-one, starting with the innermost function. Check it against its arguments. Errors can happen when brackets are used wrong or syntax is incorrect in a function.**Step 4: Review Calculation Methods**– Review all arithmetic operations in the formula. Remember that Excel follows rules for calculating mathematical expressions. These include addition and subtraction operations. Also, division processes when there are multiple operands.

**Checking formulas is important for accurate results**. It can also help build confidence when handling large datasets. Microsoft offers a free ‘Excel Formulas’ course on its ‘Microsoft Support’ website. It helps beginners master the art of building and reviewing worksheets.

### Identifying and correcting hidden characters in time entries

To identify any hidden characters, select the cell with the time formula you want to troubleshoot and check the **Formula Bar** for spaces either before or after the formula. A small green triangle in the top-left corner of the cell may also indicate an error.

Remove any extra spaces before or after the formula and make sure there are no unwanted line breaks within the cell content. If you can’t solve the issue, manually type in the new formula instead of copying and pasting from elsewhere.

You can also use the **CLEAN function** in Excel to remove non-printable characters such as line breaks and tabs. To do this, type **=CLEAN(cell reference)** in a new cell and replace “cell reference” with the location of your desired formula.

Cleaning up hidden characters may not always fix the problem if there are other issues in the formulas or input data. If cleaning the characters did not work, it might be necessary to check other *potential causes of excel time formula malfunctions*.

It’s best practice to avoid copying data directly into Excel formulas without first cleaning up any unwanted characters. Doing this can help prevent future debugging difficulties when working with Excel time formulas.

## Five Facts About Combining and Formatting Times in Excel:

**✅ Excel stores time values as decimals of a day, with 1 representing 24 hours.***(Source: Microsoft)***✅ To combine date and time in Excel, use the CONCATENATE function or the ampersand symbol (&).***(Source: Excel Easy)***✅ You can use custom formatting to display time values in various formats, such as hours and minutes, or with AM/PM designations.***(Source: TechRepublic)***✅ Excel has built-in functions for calculating time durations, such as NETWORKDAYS for calculating workdays between two dates.***(Source: Ablebits)***✅ Excel allows you to perform operations on time values, such as adding or subtracting hours or minutes.***(Source: Exceljet)*

## FAQs about Combining And Formatting Times In Excel

### What is the purpose of combining and formatting times in Excel?

Combining and formatting times in Excel is necessary when you have data in separate columns that you want to merge into a single column, or if you want to display the time in a specific format. This will help in creating reports, tracking progress, and analyzing data.

### How do I combine times from different columns in Excel?

To combine times from different columns in Excel, you can use the CONCATENATE function. First, format the columns containing time values to display the time as the number of hours, minutes, and seconds. Then, use the CONCATENATE function to combine the values. The formula should look like this: =CONCATENATE(A1,” “,B1,” “,C1).

### How do I format time values in Excel?

To format time values in Excel, you can use the time formatting options in the Format Cells dialog box. Select the cell or range of cells that contain the time values, then press Ctrl+1 to open the dialog box. From there, select the Time category, and choose the desired time format.

### Can I add or subtract times in Excel?

Yes, you can add or subtract times in Excel using the SUM or SUBTRACT functions. To add times, simply select the cells containing the time values and use the SUM function. To subtract times, use the SUBTRACT function and specify the end time and start time in the formula.

### What are some common time formats used in Excel?

Some common time formats used in Excel include:

- h:mm:ss AM/PM – displays time in hours, minutes, and seconds with AM or PM
- h:mm – displays time in hours and minutes
- [h]:mm:ss – displays time as a total number of hours, even if it exceeds 24 hours
- hh:mm:ss.0 – displays time in hours, minutes, and seconds with a single decimal point in seconds

### How do I convert time values to decimal format in Excel?

To convert time values to decimal format in Excel, divide the time value by 24. For example, if the time is 2:30:00, the decimal equivalent would be 0.104167 (2.5 divided by 24). You can also use the TEXT function to convert the time to a decimal format. The formula should look like this: =TEXT(A1,”h:mm:ss”)*24.

Nick Bilton is a British-American journalist, author, and coder. He is currently a special correspondent at Vanity Fair.