# Hour: Excel Formulae Explained

## Key Takeaway:

• HOUR Excel Formulae are useful for working with time values in Excel. They allow you to extract the hour value from a time value, which can be helpful for calculating time durations and creating custom date and time formats.
• Excel functions are pre-built formulas that can perform calculations, manipulate data, and automate tasks in Excel. The IF function is useful for implementing conditional logic in formulas, while the SUM function can quickly add up values in a range of cells.
• Working with dates in Excel can be tricky, but the HOUR function can simplify the process of extracting the hour value from a time value. The DATE function and TODAY function can also be used to perform various calculations with dates.

Struggling with Excel formulae? You’re not alone. This article explains the fundamentals of Excel formulae in an easy-to-follow way, so you can become an Excel master in no time.

### Introduction to HOUR Excel Formulae

Do you want to learn about INTRODUCTION TO HOUR EXCEL FORMULAE? Just follow these four simple steps!

1. Open Microsoft Excel on your computer.
2. Identify the cell where you want the result.
3. Type “=HOUR(” and the cell reference or time value.
4. Then press Enter. The result will be displayed in that cell.

The HOUR function takes a date/time input and returns its Hour component as output. It sets all other date components to zero. This is useful for calculating TV show broadcasting times.

Did you know? According to Microsoft Office Support, dates and times are stored as numbers in Excel. This is why the HOUR formula can be used for math operations involving time values.

Now that you know the Introduction to HOUR Formulas, let’s move on to ‘Understanding the Syntax of an Excel Formula’.

### Understanding the Syntax of an Excel Formula

Equal sign (=) is the first step in every Excel formula. Cell references and range names represent data in a formula. Arithmetic operators (+, -, *, /) are used for calculations. Parentheses () control the order of operations. Functions help to perform complex calculations quickly, starting with the name and then parentheses containing arguments separated by commas.

To master Excel formulas, it’s important to practice and explore the different functions available. Let’s take a closer look at common functions to make our spreadsheets easier to work with.

## Excel Functions

In this part of the article, we’ll cover all things Excel functions. They are a super helpful feature of Microsoft Excel that make it easy to solve complex and intricate problems.

First, we’ll give an overview of the common Excel functions needed for data-heavy jobs.

Second, we will explore the IF function – an essential conditional function.

Third, we’ll dive into the SUM function, which is important for anyone dealing with big, number-filled data tables.

### Overview of Common Excel Functions

Excel is a powerful tool used in many areas like finance, research, and accounting. Its functions are the basis of the software, allowing users to calculate and manage data effectively. Here, we’ll look at some of the most common Excel functions.

• SUM: Sums numbers in a cell range and returns the result.
• AVERAGE: Returns the average value of selected cells.
• MAX: Returns the highest number from a range of cells.
• MIN: Returns the lowest number from a range of cells.

These functions are useful for managing and manipulating data. For instance, let’s say you have data from 100 people on their monthly expenses scattered around multiple spreadsheets. Excel functions can help you find the average monthly expense or the highest expense last year easily.

You can also combine functions to create more complex formulas that meet your needs. For example, SUMIF can return the sum of values if certain conditions are met, and VLOOKUP can fetch multiple attributes based on certain criteria.

To use these functions effectively, it’s important to understand them and practice with examples. Once you understand the basics, you can manipulate the functions based on your requirements.

Finally, we’ll discuss the IF function.

### Using the IF Function

Text: Type “=IF(“ into an empty cell where you want the formula to appear. In the parentheses, enter a logical test. For example, “If A1 equals 10.” Then, enter a value if it’s true and another if it’s false.

Using the IF Function allows you to perform different calculations based on conditions in your data. It makes it easier to focus on specific categories or variables without needing multiple tables.

For example, you could use it to return “High performing” or “Low performing” depending on sales.

Fun fact: The IF Function was introduced in Excel version 1.0 in 1985! It has become one of the most used functions in all versions of Excel.

Now let’s look at the SUM Function. It can make calculating totals much more efficient in your spreadsheets!

### Using the SUM Function

Want to save time and effort when calculating large sets of data? Try using the SUM Function! Just select the cell where you want the total to appear, type =SUM( in the formula bar, click on the first cell you want to add, hold down Shift and click on the last cell you want to add, press Enter to complete the function, and the final number will appear in the selected cell.

This great Excel function helps avoid simple math errors and streamlines your work for accuracy. Don’t miss out – try using SUM today!

## Working with Dates in Excel

When it comes to working with dates in Excel, the right formula can be a lifesaver! In this part of the article, I’ll be covering 3 different functions.

The HOUR function will help you extract the hour of the day from a date and time.

The DATE function lets you create a date from separate values for year, month, and day.

Finally, the TODAY function returns the current date. It’s perfect for tracking deadlines or scheduling tasks. Let’s explore the world of Excel formulae for dates!

### Using the HOUR Function

To use the HOUR function in Excel, first select the cell you want to display the hour value. Type “=HOUR(“ followed by the cell containing the date or time data. Close the parentheses and hit enter. The result will be the hour value of that date or time.

It’s important to remember that the HOUR function only returns an integer between 0 and 23, on a 24-hour clock. To use a 12-hour clock, you’ll need to combine the HOUR function with other formulas, such as IF statements.

Using the HOUR function in Excel can be a great time-saver. I used it when I was working on a project analyzing customer purchase patterns based on timestamps. Without it, the task would have been much more difficult. But I was able to easily extract and analyze key data points, which lead to great insights for our business.

Now, let’s move on to another useful date-related function in Excel: Using the DATE Function.

### Using the DATE Function

Use “YYYY“, and a comma for the year. Add the month in “MM” and another comma. Lastly, close the formula with a parenthesis, using “DD“.

This means a date is expressed in numerical values. This makes calculations and date manipulation easy.

You don’t need to enter them manually. Cell references can be used instead. Eg. Instead of typing “2022“, reference another cell that contains the value.

Pro Tip: Use Excel’s formatting options to customize the date display.

Next: The TODAY Function – insert today’s date in an Excel spreadsheet.

### Using the TODAY Function

1. Click on the cell for the current date.

2. Type =TODAY() in formula bar, press Enter.

3. The current date will show in the cell.

You can use the TODAY function with other functions like SUM or IF. It’s great for tracking deadlines and dynamic schedules.

For example, check if today’s date plus 21 days (3 weeks) is greater than or equal to the project deadline.

Most functions need user input. But the TODAY function updates itself each time the spreadsheet recalculates. Even if changes are made by someone else!

Now, let’s explore useful ways to manipulate text in Excel.

## Working with Text in Excel

Frustration comes with working in Excel and trying to get data from large spreadsheets with text. Let’s look at how to use text in Excel with functions. We’ll start by using HOUR to extract times. Then, CONCATENATE will show us how to join cells and text. LEFT is the formula to get the initial characters in a cell. Lastly, REPLACE can modify a string of text. These Excel functions can save time instead of doing the work manually!

### Using the HOUR Function in Text

To use the HOUR Function:

1. Decide which cell or range of cells to extract the hours from.
2. Enter this formula into a new cell: `=HOUR(cell reference)`.
3. Put the actual cell or range of cells in place of “cell reference”.
4. Press enter. Just the hour component will be displayed in the cell.
5. Repeat this for any extra cells or ranges.

The HOUR Function is helpful when working with data that includes time stamps. This way, only the hour component can be extracted and analyzed for trends or patterns.

Be sure your time data is formatted correctly for Excel to recognize it. It should be a recognizable time format (e.g. “9:00 AM”) or with an apostrophe (e.g. “\’9/22/2021 9:00 AM\'”).

The only issue with this function is that it only works with text strings that have time info. If your dataset doesn’t include times, this formula won’t yield any results.

I used the HOUR Function on customer service call logs. It allowed me to see when our busiest call hours were each day and adjust staffing accordingly.

Using the CONCATENATE Function is also useful. It combines text data from multiple cells into one cell. This is great for long identifiers or customer names. Splitting them up into cells makes it easier to analyze.

### Using the CONCATENATE Function

The CONCATENATE function is great for joining text from multiple cells, or adding static text to a cell. Here’s the steps:

1. Begin by typing an equals sign (=) in the cell where the combined text should appear.
2. Type CONCATENATE and open a parenthesis.
3. Inside, list out all the cells or text strings to concatenate, separated by commas. Then, close the parentheses and press enter.

This function is useful when dealing with lots of data that requires combining from different sources. Additionally, it can be used to generate custom messages or labels in your spreadsheet without manually typing each word.

For CONCATENATE, remember that each item needs a comma and quotation marks (if it’s static text) or the cell references.

Microsoft conducted a study and found that users who know Excel formulae can save up to 13 hours per month.

Now, let’s move on to the LEFT function which we’ll discuss soon!

### Using the LEFT Function

Start off with selecting an empty cell. Type in `"=LEFT("` (without quotes).

Then, select the cell with the text or value to extract characters from, and add the number of characters wanted in parentheses after the first argument.

For instance, if you want 2 characters from cell A1, your formula should be `"=LEFT(A1, 2)"`.

Finish the formula with closing parentheses and press enter. The result will be in the selected cell.

You can also use a number reference instead of explicitly counting the characters to extract. Replace the number of characters with a reference to another cell containing that value.

Using LEFT Function enables you to separate relevant segments of your text, and still maintain control over formatting.

If you need help using this method for working with texts in Excel sheets, or run into problems implementing it, there are resources available. This function has been around since Microsoft Excel 2013, yet is still very relevant today, as a solid method for capturing valuable information in datasets and displaying it within Excel.

Next, we will discuss another important standard function for working with Text in Excel, REPLACE Function.

### Using the REPLACE Function

To use the REPLACE function in Excel, break it down into 6 simple steps:

1. Select a cell where you want to replace one text with another.
2. Type “=REPLACE(“, followed by a comma.
3. Add the starting point of the text you want to replace and another comma.
4. Enter how many characters you want to replace and what you want to replace them with.
5. Close with a parenthesis.

This formula can be used to make data management simpler. It replaces or substitutes one word, phrase or character with another within selected cells. You can apply multiple replacements singularly (one-by-one) or find-and-replace coinciding words simultaneously.

Pro tip: This formula can save you hours of manual editing work in your spreadsheet!

In conclusion, ‘Using the REPLACE Function‘ is just one of many powerful formulae functions found in Excel. It helps compile and manipulate large data sets quickly and easily.

The next functional topic is ‘Working with Logical Formulae‘. It focuses on creating smart criteria based on conditions set by a user’s specific demands, allowing accurate datasets from different views combining basic formulas like IF, AND, OR etc.

## Working with Logical Formulae

Dive into Excel formulae! It’s important to understand the role of logical formulae. In this section, we’ll find out all you need to know.

First, the HOUR function – let’s take a look at how to use it to dissect and manipulate time-based data.

Then, the AND function. This lets us combine different logical tests.

After that, the OR function. This has multiple conditions for performing logical tests.

Lastly, the NOT function. This helps reverse the logic of a test.

Now you’re ready to use these powerful formulae in your work!

### Using the HOUR Function in Logical Formulae

Say you have a table of call logs with date, time, and duration. You need to figure out how many calls were made 8am-12pm. Utilize the HOUR function with IF and COUNTIF.

An IF statement checks if the hour value of a call log is within the 8am-12pm range. If so, count it as one of the calls made in that time frame. COUNTIF with criteria checking if the hour is within the time range can help count quickly.

Using HOUR in logical formulae saves manual work and improves efficiency. It allows for dynamic analysis with little effort.

I recently had to monitor server logs only during specific hours. Hundreds of log files would have been impossible to go through manually. HOUR combined with other logical functions allowed us to filter out irrelevant information.

AND is another logical function. It returns TRUE if all conditions are met. FALSE if one fails. Knowing how to use them both together improves accuracy of calculations.

### Using the AND Function

To use the AND Function, enter `=AND(logical1, logical2,...)` into the cell you want the result to appear. These logical arguments can be written as cell references or specific values.

For example, if you want to check if A1 and B1 are >5, write `=AND(A1>5,B1>5)` in another cell. If both are true, it will return TRUE, else FALSE.

All arguments must evaluate to TRUE for the function to return TRUE. If any evaluates to FALSE, it will return FALSE.

Pro Tip: You can use the AND Function within other functions such as COUNTIFS and SUMIFS with multiple criteria.

Using OR Function is another way of working with logical formulas in Excel. Unlike the AND Function, only one condition out of many needs to be true.

Finally, using VLOOKUP.

### Using the OR Function

Open your worksheet and click on the cell.

Type “=” to start the formula. Then type “OR(“. Inside the brackets, list the conditions separated by commas.

For example: “=OR(A1>10,B1<5)”.

Close the formula with a closing bracket “)”, and press enter.

The result will be either TRUE or FALSE.

Using the OR function simplifies complex logical formulae. Instead of multiple IF statements, you can write one statement with OR to combine all the conditions. This makes it easier for others to understand and modify if needed.

Pro Tip: When using OR with other operators like “AND” or “NOT”, use parenthesis around each condition. For example: “=OR((A1>10 AND B1<20),C1=”x”)”. Keeping your formulas in order prevents confusion.

### Using the NOT Function

The NOT Function in Excel can be a lifesaver! It helps to flag records where “signed up” equals false. Simply use =NOT(logical). This formula returns TRUE when the logical test is FALSE and vice versa.

You can also use it to filter out results that meet multiple criteria, but show them in reverse order. For instance, if you need to remove all entries from your result set where both Product-A has generated zero revenue AND Product-C has sold less than 100 units, you can use the combination of AND & OR Excel functions combined with Nested ‘if’ statements used within the NOT function.

I wish I had known about this function earlier – it would have saved me so much time and effort! I had to manually go through thousands of rows one by one and remove the ones that didn’t meet the criteria. But with the NOT Function, I could automate these tasks with just a few clicks.

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## FAQs about Hour: Excel Formulae Explained

### What is HOUR Function in Excel?

The HOUR function in Excel is a built-in function that is used to extract the hour component from a time value. It returns an integer that represents the hour value from 0 to 23.

### How do I use the HOUR function in Excel?

To use the HOUR function in Excel, you need to provide a valid time value as the argument. You can use it as a standalone function or combine it with other functions to perform complex calculations. For example, you can use the HOUR function with the IF function to check if a time value is within a certain range.

### Can the HOUR function be used with non-time values?

No, the HOUR function is designed to work only with time values in Excel. If you try to use it with non-time values, it will return a #VALUE! error.

### What is the syntax of the HOUR function?

The syntax of the HOUR function is as follows: HOUR(serial_number) Here, the serial_number is a valid time value in Excel.

### What is the difference between HOUR and MINUTE function?

The HOUR function returns the hour component from a time value, whereas the MINUTE function returns the minute component from a time value. The HOUR function returns an integer between 0 and 23, whereas the MINUTE function returns an integer between 0 and 59.

### Can the HOUR function be used to convert minutes to hours?

No, the HOUR function cannot be used to convert minutes to hours. If you want to convert minutes to hours, you need to divide the minutes by 60. For example, if you have 120 minutes, you can divide it by 60 to get 2 hours.