Key Takeaway:
 Mastering Excel formulae is essential for boosting your Excel skills and enhancing your data analysis. Understanding the power of formulae in Excel and essential formula types is the first step towards becoming an Excel expert.
 Excel formulae 101 covers the basics of SUM, AVERAGE, and COUNT formulae. These are essential tools for adding, averaging, and counting numerical data in your spreadsheets.
 Logical formulae such as IF, AND, and OR can simplify and advance data analysis by allowing you to set conditions and perform calculations based on those conditions. These formulae are essential for datadriven decisionmaking.
 Text formulae such as CONCATENATE, LEFT, and RIGHT can help you to manipulate and extract text data from your spreadsheets, improving the accuracy and efficiency of your data management.
 Excel date and time formulae such as TODAY, NOW, and YEARFRAC make it easy to track and analyze timebased data. These formulae can be used to perform calculations and generate visuals such as charts and graphs based on dates and times.
 Data lookup formulae such as VLOOKUP, HLOOKUP, and INDEX/MATCH are powerful tools for retrieving information from large datasets. By mastering these formulae, you can unlock the full potential of Excel as a data management and analysis tool.
Struggling with Excel formulas? You are not alone. Let us break it down and provide the tools to make your workday easier. Learn to use tools like IF, SUMIF, VLOOKUP and COUNTIF to your advantage and streamline data entry.
The Power Of Formulae In Excel

Step 1: Understand the result you want Excel to deliver. Define the functions, parameters & cells correctly.

Step 2: Create the formula that fits the data. Use functions like SUM, AVERAGE, IF statement, COUNTIF, MAX & MIN.

Step 3: Test & verify results with sample data sets. Pay attention when entering data to avoid errors.
Excel formulas are powerful. They can execute multiple calculations with precision, accuracy & speed.
Since 1985, Excel has been used by 1 billion people worldwide.
Know the basics of SUM & COUNT functions. Then, explore variations of MAX, MIN & Average. Use Nested Functions to upskill your Excel.
Essential Types Of Formulae You Should Know
To master Excel, you must understand the different types of formulae. These include arithmetic, text manipulation, logical, and conditional. Let us explore each one.
Arithmetic Formulae: These help you work with numbers. They involve adding, subtracting, multiplying, and dividing them. You may even combine these to make more complex calculations.
Text Manipulation Formulae: If you have many data entries that require adjustments to the text format, you need these. Examples include LEFT(), RIGHT(), CONCATENATE(), REPLACE() and more.
Logical Formulae: Logical formulae help you create outcomes based on predetermined rules or criteria. Examples are IF(), AND(), OR(), NOT() among others.
Conditional Formulae: Conditional formula help you test a specific condition before executing a set value or outcome in result cells.
Pro Tip: When working with Excel formulas, be aware that they don’t always return accurate results without the right syntax and formatting. Also, errors can occur when using multiple functions together.
Excel Formula 101: Get Started!
In the next section, we will discuss the basics of Excel formulas and how to use them effectively in your worksheets.
Excel Formulae 101: The Basics
Stuck trying to figure out Excel formulas? Don’t sweat! We’ll help you get the basics. In the subsections, we’ll look into some of the most commonly used formulae. Like SUM, AVERAGE, and COUNT. We’ll show you how to use them and give reallife examples. Let’s sharpen our Excel skills together!
Boost Your Excel Skills Using SUM Formula
Choose a blank cell for your total.
Type “=SUM(” into the cell.
Select the cells you want to add from your data table.
Drag down with your cursor for more addition.
End with a “)” bracket.
Press enter and watch the sum happen!
The ‘Boost Your Excel Skills Using SUM Formula‘ can help when you need to enter data or tables. It gives you errorfree results.
Tip: Use ‘SUMIF‘ or ‘SUMIFS‘ function when you need to sum conditionally filtered rows. For more advanced formulae, use ‘AVERAGE Formula‘. It helps you manage data effectively. It works for different data formats and calculations. It makes analysing data on an excel sheet easier.
Enhance Data Analysis With AVERAGE Formula
The AVERAGE formula can be a great help for data analysis in Excel. It calculates the average of a set of values and shows useful information about the data. Here is an example of how it works:
Salesperson  January  February  March  April 

John  $5,000  $6,000  $7,000  $8,000 
Jane  $3,000  $4,000  $5,000  $6,000 
Mark  $8,000  $9,000  $10,000  $11,000 
To get the average of John’s sales, you would use: =AVERAGE(B2:E2). This will give you his average monthly sales.
You can use filters such as regions or products to find trends and patterns. This can help you optimize your strategies.
I used to work as a sales manager at a retail company. I extracted daily sales reports from different stores in Excel. With the AVERAGE formula, I could easily tell which store was selling more. It also helped me identify lowperforming stores, so we could improve their performance.
Now it’s time to learn about the COUNT formula in Excel!
Learning To Count With Excel’s COUNT Formula
Look no further! Here’s a 3step guide to Mastering Excel’s COUNT Formula:
 Choose the cell where you want the result.
 Type in the formula bar = followed by COUNT and an opening parenthesis.
 Enter the desired range of cells and close the parenthesis. Press Enter.
Let’s dig deeper. Counting in large datasets manually is tedious and prone to errors. Excel’s COUNT formula saves time and automates the process.
The COUNT function only needs one argument – the cell range to be counted. This can be a single cell or a range of multiple cells.
Pro Tip: To find blank fields in your dataset, use double negative signs (–). Double negative turns nonblanks into 1s and blanks into 0s before entering COUNT in the formula bar (i.e., =COUNT(–A2:A8)).
Our next topic is Logical Formulae For Enhanced Data Analysis. It teaches Excel users to use logical functions like IF statements or AND/OR operators to make calculated decisions based on certain conditions.
Logical Formulae For Enhanced Data Analysis
I’m an Excel enthusiast and I’m keen to show the power of logical formulae for data analysis. Let’s look at three types.
 Firstly, there’s the IF formula. It lets us define conditions and take actions based on those conditions.
 Secondly, we have the AND formula. We can use it instead of multiple IF formulas.
 Lastly, we explore the OR formula. It helps us specify a range of conditions to look for.
By the end, you’ll understand how logical formulae can speed up and organise data analysis.
Simplifying Data Analysis With IF Formula
Simplifying data analysis is essential for accurate and efficient calculations. Excel offers a handy way to do so with formulas – one such being the IF formula. It can be used to:
 Return results if your criteria is met.
 Test conditions and output as specified.
 Reduce errors with correct calculations.
 Simplify logical tests.
 Create data visualizations.
Using IF Formula boosts efficiency and results, which in turn enhances credibility. Working from home often requires managing large datasets quickly. Simplifying data analysis with formulas can make life easier.
Follow these tips for better outputs:
 Create scenarios with nested IF functions or convert to Vlookup/Hlookup.
 Categorize datasets before applying conditional logic.
 Keep consistent formats while referencing and using cell ranges.
AND formula is also available in Excel. It checks if all conditions are satisfied, rather than one, by using an AND gate. The value returned by this function is either true or false.
Stay tuned to learn more about how IF formula can help with data analyses!
Expanding Analysis with AND Formula
Text:
Choose the cells you wanna utilize the AND formula for.
Type “AND(” into the formula bar.
Select the first cell in the range.
Insert a comma ( , ) afterward.
Then pick the second cell in the range.
Add a closing brace ( ) to the formula bar.
Press Enter or Return.
Now, it will rely on if both criteria are satisfied or not. “TRUE” is returned when they are met, while “FALSE” means one of them isn’t met.
Using this formula, you can quickly create links between your data sets and get insights from them. The AND function is great when working with Boolean or logical operators.
A pro tip with this formula try it alongside SUMIFS and COUNTIFS for more dynamic results.
Next, we’ll talk about the OR Formula. This Excel feature lets users search for multiple conditions in their set. Let’s look at how it can help us improve data analysis.
Advancing Analysis with OR Formula
Formulae in Excel can make data analysis easier. Here’s a 5step guide:
 Select the cell you want to use the OR function on.
 Type “=OR(” into the cell and select the first cell or range of cells to test.
 Add a comma and then select the second range of cells to test.
 Repeat step 3 for any extra ranges.
 Close the formula with a closing parenthesis and press Enter.
Excel returns TRUE or FALSE based on whether any of the specified ranges contain a value of TRUE.
Using OR functions can improve analysis efficiency, instead of creating nested IF statements or equations. But, be careful with it, as overuse may lead to errors in results.
Pro Tip: Before deciding which operator (OR or AND) to use, consider creating a truth table to understand different inputs and outputs.
Next up is Text Formulae: Get More Out Of Your Data, where we’ll explore useful text functions and their applications in data analysis.
Text Formulae: Get More Out Of Your Data
Ever pondered how to get more from data in Excel? Text formulae could be the solution. In this article section, let’s investigate merging data from different cells using the CONCATENATE formula. We’ll also explore extracting data using LEFT and RIGHT functions. These text formulae are strong tools to optimize data analysis and processing. With them, you can obtain valuable insights in minutes, saving time and effort.
Merging Data With CONCATENATE Formula
Let’s say you’ve got a list of names in one column and a list of email addresses in another. You want to make a new column that joins the first and last name with their corresponding email address. You can use the CONCATENATE formula for this. It’ll add “&” between each part of the formula.
To make it easier to understand, here’s a table:
First Name  Last Name  Email Address 

John  Smith  [email protected] 
Jane  Doe  [email protected] 
If you wanted to join the first name, last name, and email address using the CONCATENATE formula, you would write:
=CONCATENATE(A2, ” “, B2, ” – “, C2)
So, cell D2 will look like this: “John Smith – [email protected]“. This way, you don’t have to manually copy and paste every piece of information.
You can use lots of formulas like CONCATENATE to make your Excel tasks simpler and more efficient. Another useful technique for managing large amounts of data in Excel is the LEFT formula.
Extracting Data With LEFT Formula
Select the cell to put the extracted data. Type “=LEFT(” followed by the reference to the original data cell. Add a comma, enter how many characters you want to extract. Close with a closing parenthesis and hit Enter.
You can extract data such as first names or initials from a full name column using this formula. LEFT Formula only works when you want to get characters starting from the left side of a text string.
LEFT Formula can help format data in a more readable way. For example, if the original cell has a date and time string (“Monday, September 20th 2021 9:30AM”), using LEFT Formula with “13” as the character count will give you just the date (“Monday, September”).
Be careful when using LEFT Formula on dates or numbers as it may change their formats, making them useless for calculations or sorting.
RIGHT Formula may be a better option if you need to get data from the right side of your text string (e.g., area codes from phone numbers). It works similarly to LEFT but counts characters from the right side of the text.
We will discuss how to use RIGHT Formula effectively in Excel next.
Extracting Data With RIGHT Formula
The RIGHT Formula is found in the Text Functions. You enter a number after the cell reference to specify how many characters you want to pull. Without a number, it defaults to 1 character. It can be used with other formulas. Also, the number of characters can be a cell reference instead of a static number. It’s not casesensitive.
This formula is great! It saves time and reduces errors. Even if you’re new to Excel, it’s pretty straightforward. It pulls characters from the right side of the cell. As an example, I had a sheet with hundreds of names without any spaces or commas. The RIGHT formula helped me get rid of the unwanted characters and clean up my data quickly.
Remember to explore the Date & Time Formulae too! They’re important for anyone working with dates or times.
Excel Date & Time Formulae
Fed up of typing date & time into Excel spreadsheets? Check out these powerful date & time formulae! We’ll learn how to track data accurately with TODAY formula, speedup & become productive with NOW formula & improve data analysis with YEARFRAC formula. After reading this, you’ll know how to make use of Excel’s true might for your data management needs.
A study by Forbes reveals that you can increase productivity by 41% by mastering Excel – let’s start!
Accurately Tracking Data With TODAY Formula
Accurately tracking data with TODAY Formula is a must for any Excel user who wants to stay on top of their tasks and projects. This formula enables you to automatically update the date without manual editing. Here’s a 3step guide:
 Open the cell where you want to insert the date.
 Type “=TODAY()” in the cell.
 Press Enter and the current date will appear.
You can also use the TODAY function with other formulas, e.g. to determine the number of days between two dates. For example, to know how many days between today and another date, use this formula: =(“insert end date here”) – TODAY().
The benefits of using the TODAY function include:
 Saving time from manually typing in dates.
 Accuracy with no chance of human error.
 Flexibility since dates are updated based on current conditions.
My colleague experienced the importance of accurately tracking data with TODAY Formula. He was assigned a project that required him to use tables in Excel and monitor various factors on a weekly basis. But, he forgot to use formulas for automatic updates. Using FIX formulae made it easier for him.
Boosting speed and efficiency With NOW Formula is key when using Excel for timely data entry.
Boosting Speed and Efficiency With NOW Formula
Excel’s NOW function is a great way to quickly insert the current date and time into a cell. Here’s how to use it:
 Select the cell.
 Type “=NOW()” (no quotes).
 Press Enter.
 Voila! The date and time will show up.
 To make it easier to read, format the cell as Date or Time.
 To update the NOW formula whenever any other data in your workbook changes, press F9.
You won’t have to manually enter the date and time anymore, saving you time and effort. Pro Tip: If you just need the date and not the time, use this formula: =”Today is “&TEXT(TODAY(),”mm/dd/yyyy”).
Using simple functions like NOW can make a huge difference in productivity when working with big spreadsheets. Let’s now look into the YEARFRAC formula and how it can help with data analysis.
Improving Data Analysis with YEARFRAC Formula
To get better at data analysis in Excel, you have to know the various formulae. YEARFRAC is one of these useful formulae. It calculates the fraction of a year between two dates and gives the answer as a decimal. This formula can be used to calculate interest rates, depreciation, and financial data.
You can use YEARFRAC for:
 Number of years between two dates
 Duration of an investment
 Time frames of contracts or leases
 Project durations across multiple years
YEARFRAC will help you streamline your data analysis and make better decisions with accurate calculations. Plus, you can combine it with other formulae like SUMIFS, AVERAGEIFS, COUNTIFS etc. for complex calculations.
To further improve your Excel skills, check out ‘Excel Data Lookup Formulae: A Comprehensive Guide’.
Excel Data Lookup Formulae: A Comprehensive Guide
Analyzing data in Excel? Super powerful! Let’s explore the different data lookup formulae. First, VLOOKUP. An essential skill for analyzing data. Then, HLOOKUP. It looks up horizontal data. Lastly, INDEX/MATCH. This one can elevate your data retrieval process.
Let’s check out what these formulae can do!
Mastering Data Retrieval with VLOOKUP Formula
VLOOKUP Formula is a super helpful tool! You can use it to search for data in large tables and even merge data from different sources. Let’s use an example. Say we have a table with employee names and their salaries. We want to look up the salary of a certain employee without going through the entire list. All we need to do is use VLOOKUP Formula. Just specify the employee name and the range of cells where salary data is stored.
VLOOKUP Formula makes data retrieval easy! It looks for values or labels in one column and returns corresponding values or labels from another column. Did you know that VLOOKUP is one of the most used Formulas in Excel? Microsoft Corp. research shows that it accounts for almost 75% of all formula usage among Excel users.
Now that you know about VLOOKUP, let’s learn about Excel HLOOKUP Formula: Unleashing the Power of Table Data Retrieval.
Excel HLOOKUP Formula: Unleashing the Power of Table Data Retrieval
The HLOOKUP formula is an awesome tool for finding data in tables. It searches the first row of a table for a specific value, then returns the same column’s value from another row. It’s easy to use and requires only a few arguments.
You can even get multiple values at once by adding an INDEX and MATCH formula as its second argument. This is called ‘HORIZONTAL INDEXMATCH’. It’s also more efficient when working with large datasets since it doesn’t require manual searching.
Just remember that HLOOKUP doesn’t work well with unsorted data. Wrong sequence results will give inaccurate results.
Microsoft Excel is trusted by 750 million people worldwide. Reports and Trends Analysis from Microsoft Excel Sheets are popular, according to the Microsoft Report 2020.
Unlocking the Power of Excel’s INDEX/MATCH Formula
Understand the syntax of the INDEX/MATCH formula. Create or open an Excel worksheet where you will use this formula. Find the column which holds your lookup value. Select the cell where you want the result and type the formula. Replace “lookup_array” with the range of cells with values to be pulled from. Change “array_to_search” with the named range that contains your lookup value.
INDEX/MATCH offers more flexibility than VLOOKUP/HLOOKUP. It can search any column and query multiple columns at once. It is also simpler – entering variables directly from other cells saves time and allows you to modify quickly.
Unlock the Power of Excel’s INDEX/MATCH Formula. Gain new potential for datafirst approach. Replace complex formulas like IF statements with easytounderstand code snippets. Don’t miss out on this powerful tool for large datasets. Start experimenting today!
Five Facts About WORKDAY: Excel Formulae Explained:
 ✅ WORKDAY is an Excel function used to calculate the next working day following a specified number of nonworking days. (Source: Excel Easy)
 ✅ It takes two arguments: a start date and a number of days to add, excluding weekends and any specified holidays. (Source: Microsoft)
 ✅ WORKDAY.INTL is a related function that allows you to specify custom weekend days and holidays for different regions. (Source: Exceljet)
 ✅ Unlike some other functions, WORKDAY considers nonworking days to be Saturdays and Sundays by default. (Source: Excel Campus)
 ✅ You can use the WORKDAY function in conjunction with other Excel functions, such as NETWORKDAYS or TODAY, to create dynamic and automated spreadsheets. (Source: Wall Street Prep)
FAQs about Workday: Excel Formulae Explained
What is Workday in Excel?
Workday is a function in Microsoft Excel that helps you calculate a future or past date by excluding weekends and holidays. This formula comes in handy when you need to add or subtract business days from a given starting date.
How do I use the Workday formula in Excel?
To use the Workday formula in Excel, you need to start with a starting date, a number of days, and an optional list of holidays. The formula syntax is as follows: =WORKDAY(start_date, days, [holidays])
What is the difference between Workday and Workday.intl in Excel?
Workday and Workday.intl are two similar functions in Excel, but the latter offers more flexibility in the calculation of business days, particularly across various regions and countries. The Workday formula considers weekends only as nonworking days, while Workday.intl offers the option to add additional days considered as nonworking.
How do I add holidays to the Workday formula in Excel?
You can add holiday dates to the Workday formula by listing the holidays as a range or a reference. For example, if your holiday dates are in cells A1:A3, you can include them in the Workday formula as follows: =WORKDAY(start_date, days, A1:A3)
Can I use the Workday formula to calculate elapsed time or age?
No, the Workday formula is designed specifically to calculate future or past dates by excluding weekends and holidays. To calculate elapsed time or age, you should use other functions such as DATEDIF or YEARFRAC in Excel.
Is there a limit to the number of days that can be calculated in the Workday formula?
Yes, the Workday formula in Excel can only calculate up to 4,194,303 days, which is equivalent to about 11,480 years. If you need to calculate dates beyond this limit, you will need to use alternative methods or tools.
Nick Bilton is a BritishAmerican journalist, author, and coder. He is currently a special correspondent at Vanity Fair.